The formation of calluses is caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area of the foot. This callus formation is the body's defense mechanism to protect the foot against excessive pressure and friction. Calluses are normally found on the ball-of-the-foot, the heel, and/or the inside of the big toe.
Some common causes of callus formation are:
• shoes that are too small
• abnormalities in the gait cycle (walking motion)
• flat feet
• high arched feet
• bony prominences
• loss of the fat pad on the bottom of the foot.
• Debridement of callous is painless and is easily removed, and does not hurt after removal.
• To relieve the excessive pressure that leads to callus formation, weight should be redistributed equally with the use of an orthotic.
Are similar to calluses except that they contain a cone-shaped core with a point that can press on a nerve below, causing pain. Corns are a very common ailment that usually form on the tops, sides and tips of the toes
Treatment – Podiatrist removes the corn by cutting it out, and by treating the cause of the corn.
Do Not Attempt To Remove Corns or Callous By Yourself
The most important thing to remember about treating calluses and corns is never do it yourself without seeing a specialist first. Because calluses are generally symptoms of other problems, it is important to have a podiatrist examine your feet to work out what could be causing the pressure. Over-the-counter remedies such as corn paint or plasters generally only treat the symptoms – not the problem. Also, they can easily damage the healthy skin surrounding the corn if not used properly. Commercial preparations should only be used following professional advice.
It is important that you never cut corns or calluses yourself. In the warm, moist confines of enclosed shoes, infection can easily develop and small cuts can quickly become serious wounds