Knee Pain – Patellofemoral Syndrome – This is also known as Runner’s Knee. Pain occurs under and around the knee cap, caused by improper patella- femoral tracking due to internal tibial rotation, associated with excess pronation.
• A dull, aching pain in the front of the knee
• Increased pain when you walk up or down stairs (the most common symptom)
• Pain in the knee when kneeling or squatting
• Knee pain after sitting for long periods of time
• A grating or grinding sensation when the knee is extended
• Knee stiffness
The cartilage under the kneecap (Patella) is a natural shock absorber. Overuse, injury or other factors may lead to pain in and around the knees - due to damage to the cartilage under your kneecap. When the feet roll inwards, the Tibia (lower leg) rotates inwards, exerting pressure, twisting the knee cap and damaging the surrounding muscle structure and knee cartilage.
• Orthotics - These allow the foot, leg and knee to function in the correct position
• Exercises - Strengthening and stretching of the muscles around the knee
• Anti-inflammatory medication, rest, ice, compression
• Physical therapy e.g. Ultrasound taping of the knee
• Wearing appropriate footwear