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Shin Splints



 Shin Splints A Shin splint is the general name given to pain at the front of the lower leg. A Shin splint is not a diagnosis in itself but a description of symptoms of which there could be a number of causes. The most common cause is inflammation of the periosteum of the Tibia (sheath surrounding the bone). Traction forces occur from the muscles of the lower leg on the Periosteum causing shin pain and inflammation                                 




Causes of Shin Splints

Shin splints can be caused by a number of factors working in unison. These factors include:

• Flat feet – The shin muscles are involved in maintaining the instep or arch of the foot. Flat feet can pull at the shin tendons and cause slight tearing

• Incorrect technique – Poor running form, such as ‘rolling’ the feet inwards (Pronation), can strain the muscles and tendons

• High impact activities – The impact of running on hard or uneven surfaces can injure the shin muscles and tendons

• Overuse – Exercising too hard or trying to exercise beyond your current level of fitness can strain muscles, tendons, bones and joints. Overuse is one of the most common causes of shin splints

• Running shoes – Wearing the wrong type of shoe whilst running can contribute to shin splints



• Tenderness over the inside of the shin

• Lower leg pain which goes after a period of rest but comes back when running starts again

• Sometimes some swelling

• Lumps and bumps may be felt when feeling the inside of the shin bone

• Pain when the toes or foot are bent downwards

• A redness over the inside of the shin




Orthotics to correct foot biomechanics

• Rest as much as possible

• Apply an icepack to the affected areas for 10 to 20 minutes, about three or four times daily

• Take anti-inflammatory painkillers, such as aspirin or Neurofen

• Perform low impact activities while you recover, such as swimming

• Physiotherapist – For the correction of tight or imbalanced muscles, which may be influencing your running style

• Correct running shoes with good shock absorption

• Massage therapy- Tight, knotted calf muscles will increase the strain on the muscle attachments of the lower leg. Regular stretching and sports massage can help make the muscles supple and more effective at absorbing the stresses placed on them






























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